Useful information about St.Petersburg

Intelligence-Soft headquarters and development center are located in the historical center of St.Petersburg - main scientific and cultural center and the second biggest city in Russia. Offices are situated in the fashionable building constructed in the middle of 19-th century close to the world-famous Nevsky Prospekt - main street of the city. This page provides our web site visitors with some information about St.Petersburg and contains a few links to interesting external web resources related to our city.

Old Map of St.Petersburg

Location

St.Petersburg is a Russian city in Northwestern Russia on the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea and occupies, together with the administratively subordinated territories, the territory of 1439 square kilometres. The city is located on 44 islands formed by the Neva River and 90 more rivers and canals. Being located at about 60 degrees North and 30 degrees East, St.Petersburg is the northernmost major city of the world. Due to the city's northern position it enjoys the phenomenon of the «white nights», lasting from May 25-26 till July 16-17. Picture above shows an old map of St Petersburg (located in the delta of river Neva), its nearest suburbs and Kronstadt - city on the island Kotlin in the Gulf. Click on the map to see larger image.

History

St.Petersburg was started by the Russian King (in Russian - Tsar), Peter I (also known as "Peter the Great") as the capital of the Russian Empire in 1703, to replace the former (previous) capital Moscow. It was named in honour of St. Peter and not Peter the Great, the founder of the city. The name can be translated as "The City of St. Peter". It connects Russia with the Western Europe through the Baltic Sea. It was the capital of Russia till 1918. At the time of the Russian revolution the capital was moved back to Moscow, which is the capital of Russia up to now.

St.Petersburg changed its name for several times. During the World War I (when Russia and Germany were fighting each other) people thought the name Sankt Peterburg was too German and because of that Tsar Nicholas II on August 31, 1914 decided that the city was renamed Petrograd. After the capital was moved to Moscow, on January 26, 1924, three days after Lenin's death, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad in his honor. Saint Petersburg returned to its old name on September 6, 1991, when Russia stopped being communist. The name of the Oblast (administrative province) of which the city is the capital remains Leningrad Oblast.

St.Isaak Cathedral

Architecture

St.Petersburg is a beautiful city planned by Peter I. There are many man-made rivers (or canals) in the city and so the city is sometimes called the Venice of the North. One can see there a number of beautiful palaces and building built by Russian, Italian, Dutch and French architects elsewhere in the city. Those famous buildings include the Hermitage Museum, The Peter And Paul Fortress, the building of the Admiralty and a number of splendid cathedrals and palaces. The historical city center is included into the UNESCO list of world heritage sites.

Climate

The climate is humid, close to maritime, with a moderately warm summer and a rather long moderately cold winter. The average winter temperature is -8°C, the average summer temperature is +17.8°C. In dry hot weather the temperature may rise to +25°C - +30°C. The temperature may seriously drop in winter, reaching -25°C - -30°C. Precipitation reaches 550-600mm per year.


Population: over 4.7 mln inhabitants
Labour force: over 2.8 mln people
Territory: about 1439 square kilometers
Time zone: GMT+3
Electrical Voltage: 220 V / 50 Hz
Local government: The Governor and the Governor's Office, The Legislative Assembly
Official language: Russian
Currency: Russian ruble (RUR)
Telephone code: +7 812

Useful links to external resources

PetersburgCity.com - Guide to St.Petersburg. News, events, tourist guide, accomodation, shopping and more.
Saint-Petersburg.com - City history, sightseeing information, hotels, transport, photo gallery, gift shop.
Hotels in St.Petersburg - information on hotels and accomodation in St.Petersburg.
The State Hermitage Museum - official web site of world-famous museum. Information, history, digital collection.



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